The authors address one occurring problem with theses tests: whether or not these minority students are overlooked by the system.
Teacher and parent referrals would be acknowledged by comprehensive screening programs being introduced into school districts today.
The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is an American private nonprofit research organization "committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community." Many of the Chairmen of the Council of Economic Advisers have also been NBER Research Associates, including the former NBER President and Harvard Professor, Martin Feldstein. Its first staff economist, director of research, and one of its founders was American economist Wesley Mitchell. In the early 1940s, Kuznets' work on national income became the basis of official measurements of GNP and other related indices of economic activity.
The NBER's current President and CEO is Professor James M. The NBER is currently located in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a branch office in New York City.
Similarly, the fourth study concludes that intervention programs before children enter schools still need a lot of work and are beneficial in some ways, but ultimately do not close the gap in education between black and white students.
The fifth study looks at children from kindergarten to 12th grade, finding that there is an education gap present, but it isn’t clear where it is most present.
The screening tests that school districts are beginning to implement test students on a variety of characteristics to see whether or not they would qualify and succeed in gifted education programs.
One issue that the new screening tests would fix compared to the older referrals is that non-English speaking students are overlooked because of a lack of parental referrals due to language barriers.
The National Bureau of Economic Research uses the term "gains" to reflect improvement in racial convergence.New findings also show that gains in relative earnings are limited to blacks born in the 1965 to 1972 cohorts (ages 28–35 in 2002) and show no gains for other age groups.To conclude, the findings of this updated study indicate that racial gains are due primarily in part to birth date and birthplace. The Russian American economist Simon Kuznets, and student of Mitchell, was working at the NBER when the U. government recruited him to oversee the production of the first official estimates of national income, published in 1934.The NBER's research activities are mostly identified by 20 research programs on different subjects and 14 working groups.The entire NBER article ultimately concludes that we still do not know how to close the achievement gap because of the present color line, but there are certainly ways to increase individual student achievement that may eventually make schools more productive overall.This study is a part of the NBER Working Paper Series, meaning it does not undergo the same peer and NBER board review as their regular research.The National Bureau of Economic Research analyzed the hindrances in quality of education of black and Hispanic students compared to the education of white students, the causes for black students to fall behind in the classroom faster that white students, as well as the attempts to fix these gaps in education between races.The most common factors contributing to racial gaps are thought to be “discrimination, culture, and genetics,” among others.However, the next study about exclusively high school students shows that eighth grade test scores specifically play a key role in the growing gap between high school students and their graduation rates.The seventh study analyzes the effect of intervention programs on students once they have entered school, and indicates that improvement within schools and teaching alone can positively affect the achievement of black students and make them more comparable to that of white students.